TWaLC Debut: Trust and Confidentiality

I am starting a weekly post to appear on Thursdays with the not-so-creative title This Week as Literacy Coach (TWaLC). Here is the debut of TWaLC.

February 15, 2018: This Week as Literacy Coach John Badger Hat

Being a literacy coach has allowed me to pursue a passion I consider to be THE most important in education. That is, providing students with the experiences and opportunities necessary to become competent, confident, and established readers across many different texts, both simple and complex.

Twenty years of my career as a professional educator was spent in a high school E

old dog

nglish-Language Arts classroom. I have been in my current position as literacy coach for 564 days. New learning has occurred for this old dawg through many triumphs and many failures. In the spirit of vulnerability and collaboration, I will share my learning here.

Trust and Confidentiality

The greatest lesson I have learned as literacy coach is to build trust and maintain confidentiality. See, most literacy coaches and instructional coaches lie in an ambiguous state of being; neither are we administrators, nor are we classroom teachers.

I sense that teachers perceive my role as administrative, possibly evaluative. Whereas administrators seek characteristics of a teacher: utilizing best practice, advancing and sharing cutting-edge strategies, administer formative assessment to guide further leadership and differentiation of adult learners.  In addition to these traits, the requirement for coaches to demonstrate strong leadership of professional educators as adult learners, is paramount to connect the pedagogy visions of the administrators and the teaching staff.

God Given TalentsOne of the most basic principles I have followed for the majority of my adult life is that I am here to help people succeed. I believe God has called me to serve others through the strengths and talents he has bestowed (I didn’t say burdened) upon me. Each and every day I show up to help others succeed. I want administrators to succeed. I want teachers to succeed. Most importantly, I want all students to succeed.


Build trust. In order for teachers to believe in me, to welcome me into their trustconversations they need to trust me. Teachers need to know that I will not judge them, that I don’t have all the answers, that I am learning alongside them, that I will support their willingness to try new things. Trust cannot be understated.

Build confidential relationships. Allow vulnerability to happen in a safe space where confidentialwhat happens, even the good, is not shared outside of that space until the classroom teacher is ready. There have been times when I have been really excited to share what I have observed or the awesomeness of co-teaching with a colleague only to learn that my colleague didn’t feel the same way and wanted to protect that vulnerability.

I want students to do more than survive high school. I want students to thrive.

I want teachers to do more than just survive the day, or survive 4th hour English class with ‘that group’ of students. I want teachers to feel supported and honored for who they are, what they do, and why they show up each and every day for school.

This week with high school students and teachers…

Frayer Model for Word Identification:

Use this tool to develop deeper meaning and understanding around complex texts.

Here is a great tutorial provided by The Teacher Toolkit


A simple three column chart students can create in their notebook to monitor their own comprehension and understanding of complex texts. The first column (What I Know) draws on specific background knowledge of a topic or text. In the second column (What I Want to Know), students record questions they have about the topic or text, both before they read and as they read. Finally, the third column (What I Learned), encourages students to record the answers to their questions or any newly gained knowledge. To take it all one step further, any questions students don’t get answered can be prompts for further inquiry.

Kate and Maggie Roberts:

DIY Literacy…check out their website for video tutorials on how to develop Demonstration Notebooks. GREAT STUFF!!!


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Teach Until Students Learn

Teach until students learn.

Sounds simple, right? Duh. But, in fact, this mission can present many challenges. Maybe those challenges are systemic. Maybe those challenges are in practice. Or, maybe those challenges are personal.

Allow me to process this simple goal.

Teach. This is what we do as professional educators every school day. Whether we aremodern classroom working with students or staff, we are teaching. The sun rises and so do we, to take on the challenges of the most important profession in the world. Continue to build your capacity to teach with urgency every day.

Students. The essence of our passion, the focus of our mission, the crux of our matter, the love of our professional lives. Our students are putting the puzzles of their lives together as they learn how new concepts fit into existing knowledge. With each passingstudents learning day, their purpose becomes clearer than the day before. Solutions lead to new questions, fresh tangents of inquiry, enthusiastic discovery.Teachers help to shape those puzzle pieces and guide students to fill in the vacant spots, whether they are foundation pieces or the ambiguous, puzzling center pieces. The center of our universe.

Learn. Students win because of what teachers do. One result of learning is growth: in mind, body, and spirit. Growth results in progress. See, there is this theory around us that goes something like this: We never stay the same, we are either moving forward or falling behind. If, once we have achieved our goals and are content, and we allow ourselves to stay in that moment as time marches on, we slowly fall behind. It is imperative that we continue to show students how to build their capacity to be learners. learn2Yes, teachers help students learn. But let’s not miss the abundant opportunities where students help teachers learn. We want our students to love learning as the form into life-long learners. Let’s show them what that looks like through our action, our passion, and our vulnerability

Teach every day with a passion that ignites student inquiry and discovery. Put students at the center of your mission from the minute you walk through the doors of your school until you fasten your seat-belt for your commute home at the end of the day. Guide students to see the value in learning through engaging, purposeful lessons that add immediate value to their lives. Learn for them, learn about them, learn with them, and teach until students learn.

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The Light

As I sat in church with my family this weekend, I was reminded to reflect on The Light.  John’s gospel elicits the important role of John the Baptist who was to ‘bear witness to the light.’

In a tremendous show of humility, John the Baptist declares he ‘is not fit to undo the strap’ of the sandals of he who was to come after him. Essentially, John the Baptist admitted he was inadequate to even carry the shoes of Jesus.

It was John’s calling to prepare the way for Jesus, the Nazarene.  He prepared the way for the Light; he illuminated the truth through his humility and service to others.

The challenge presented in this weekend’s mass was twofold. First, accept the responsibility of bringing light to others. In a time where are culture seems to be more divided than it is united, it is incumbent upon us to bring light into the lives of those we touch every day. How? Maybe a smile, listening with compassion, generosity in our thoughts and in our actions. We can accomplish this through humility and service to others.

Second, reflect on those who have brought light to our lives. As I look at the holiday lights sparkling throughout our home, I am reminded of all those unique people who have crossed my path at one time or another, at a time when I needed it most, who brought light to my life. As I approach 2018, I reflect on those special people who brought me into the light amid those murky moments when I couldn’t find my way through the dark.

Like the lights on the Christmas tree, those people are numerous, sparkling, and peaceful. Like John the Baptist who bore witness to the light, I will continue to be aware of how my thoughts, words, and actions are light for others.

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We have all met people who personify grace: kind, empathetic, forgiving. Sometimes grace is recognized through a gentle touch, an encouraging word, or just a simple smile.

When I need kindness, forgiveness, or empathy God has a knack of sending something or someone into my path. Because of this, I am mindful of showing grace to others.

I sing and play my guitar at mass once a month. My most recent experience bothered me. First, as I was singing and playing I am the Bread of Life I got lost in the lyrics. There are times when I have to glance at my guitar for chord changes, taking my eyes off the hymnal. I use the hymnal that all parishioners use; the print is small and I got lost. So be it. Embarrassing? Yes. Disappointed? Yes. Need Grace? Yes.

Desiree and I have four children, ranging in ages from 15 – 8. Because Desiree occasionally has on-call responsibilities on weekends, the children and I attend mass on our own.

This particular week our eight-year-old twins were with me. For most of the mass they had to sit on their own. They sat off to my side while I led song for the congregation.

As mass ended, I just needed to put this performance behind me. I was feeling quite vulnerable and a bit anxious because of getting lost in the communion song.

As I was packing up my guitar, an adult woman who I know approached me and said, "Next time you better keep your girls in front of you not behind you, that's all I'm going to say."

She walked away. I stood in disbelief. The implication of course was that the two eight-year-olds had been misbehaving.

I took the opportunity to have a conversation with my daughters and give them grace. While they are expected to be mindful in church and conduct themselves with appropriate behavior, it was not entirely their fault.

As I walked out of church with my daughters, the voice in my head was telling me to quit, never come back to this church where I willingly give my time on many different fronts and share my talents. I was disappointed and frustrated.

One of the hardest things for me to do is give myself grace. It wasn't going to come from anyone else this time…it had to come from inside of me.

Thank you God for this lesson in humility and grace. I pray that, if you call me to share my talents again with this parish, that those who attend mass might have grace for a "single dad" on the weekends, always trying to do Your will.

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Exceed Expectations through Valuing Others

As a professional educator for 21 years, I have developed thousands of relationships. Some were short, some long. Some have been shallow, some deep.IMG_3413

IMG_4421                       I have collaborated with professional educators. I have shared a classroom with an abundant number of students. I have networked with countless professional educators nationally and internationally.

Finally, of course, I have deep, lasting relationships with Desiree, our four children, and my closest, most reliable friends.NRIX7447



In all instances where the relationship was reciprocally valued, the deeper, lasting and more meaningful the alliance developed.

Teachers might observe one or two students not engaged in classroom activities and be critical of that student’s work ethic. A coach may point out that some of his high school athletes have not been showing up to voluntary swimming workouts and find fault in their character.

School administrators may wonder why the biology teacher never comes out of her classroom to share what she is doing and assume she is hiding her insecurities and forgottenfaults.

My question is: Do these students, athletes, and teachers feel valued? Do they feel like the teacher, coach, or school leader knows their name much less their strengths or weaknesses?

Once, many years ago, someone who I respected at the time, criticized me for speaking truth to power and demanded, “What do you know about leadership? Who do you think you are?”

I do know one thing for sure about leadership: When people feel valued, they will exceed expectations every time.value people success

Let’s learn to value people for being human, not for what we might gain by leveraging or manipulating others.

Teachers, value your students. Build relationships by listening with an open heart and engaging in the conversation.

Coaches, value your athletes. Those high school kids are showing up to participate becausethey love the sport and you are the resident expert. Value them for who they are not for what they may or may not bring you.

School leaders, value every person in your building: students, teachers, all staff. Believe in the power of social capital.

When people feel valued, they will exceed expectations every time.


Posted in Children, Coaching Athletics, Education, Education Administration, Educational Leadership, Family, Friendship, Parenting, Youth Sports | Tagged , , , , , | 4 Comments

Empowering Youth Athletes

As many of you know I am an advocate for youth sports. The benefits of participating in team sports throughout our younger and more vulnerable years can be life-changing. Learning to compete is a valuable skill to acquire and apply to the many circumstances encountered through a lifetime.

In recent years, social media has been used as a platform for venting about youth sports and high school sports by athletes, coaches, and, mostly, parents. 

Parents, STOP venting on social media. I know we need to vent and we want validation, but using the social media platform does more harm than good. It can tear a community apart and bring shame and embarrassment to children.

Coaches, we need to LISTEN to parents: being present with them, validating their concerns, and communicating, genuinely and honestly, with athletes and their parents. All of us do have the best interest of the child in our hearts, right?

Coaches, don’t admonish parents; they are doing the best they can. Many of us carry the emotions of our children in our hearts…when they hurt we hurt, when they’re frustrated we’re frustrated, when they’re happy we’re happy. At times we let those emotions get the best of us and become critical of the one person who we think has control over this, the coach.

Most recently I noticed a high school coach using social media as a platform to admonish parents. The post explicitly pointed out that parents must tell their children to listen to the coach, be a help rather than a nuisance, and lower expectations as to how being a part of the team would benefit the child.

The post subtly implied that athletes who complain about their role tend to quit which in turn leads to a lifetime of quitting and failure. 

Not true! I hope we can all agree that there is no direct correlation between athletes who complain about their role, eventually quitting, to living an adult life of quitting and failure. Broad strokes like these aren’t effective at getting down to the issue at play.

What’s really at stake here? I argue it is the development of the child.

It’s fair for the child to question her role. All of us are wondering where we fit and how we impact the world around us, right? Be honest with each player. Help her see how her role directly impacts the success of the team. Praise her when she successfully fulfills her role, demand more of her when she doesn’t.BSoccer17

Coaches must be sure to show athletes respect; the sport is about the children, NOT the COACHES and NOT PARENTS. Celebrate hard work when athletes directly impact the success of the team. Demand more of our children when it’s appropriate. Given respect and appropriate expectations, athletes might be more inclined to listen with an open mind; in fact, they may develop the capacity to help their parents gain clarity in what is happening on the field.

The fact is, the one person who needs to be empowered is the child at the center of all the discontent between parents and coaches. 

Everyone will be a lot happier and healthier if we can focus on the children; empower them to self-advocate and believe that who they are and what they do, no matter what the circumstance, matters in the world we live. DTrack17

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Question-Comment-Connect: QC²

For several years now, teachers of all levels have made close reading a point of emphasis. Teachers, across disciplines, have urged students to circle, underline, and mark up the text. By having students close read texts, students will, theoretically, read deeper,  understand greater, and collaborate and communicate better.

Because teachers are inclined to hold students accountable for all activities and assignments, texts are collected and students earn points for showing their close reading. There is a systemic flaw in this process however. You and I can “read” a text, underline, circle, and highlight without having read the text at all, much less understand it.

We want students to read for deeper understanding, not for points.

A simple solution is to have students Question-Comment-(and) Connect – QC² – with the text. When students underline, circle, highlight, or do whatever they do to mark up the text, they should be asking a question, writing a comment, or making a connection. Students can record their questions, comments and connections in the margins of the text.

Our students will read deeper, comprehend broadly, and be empowered to collaborate and communicate profoundly. After all, these are the skills we want our students to possess when they leave our classroom.

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Moving Beyond Close Reading

At a staff meeting two weeks ago your district’s literacy specialist provided staff development on close reading strategies. You were told these strategies were going to engage students and lead them to a better understanding of the text and the language of your content.


annotatingYou encourage students to mark up the text, annotating as they read. You have learned there are a variety of ways this could look: using post-it notes, writing notes on a t-chart in their notebook, etc. Maybe you were told to hold them accountable for close reading, so you collect their annotations and give them points for underlining, circling, using smiley faces, arrows, and question marks.

You have been consistently gathering their annotations so you know they have been close reading.


But, the engagement hasn’t changed and the learning has remained stagnant. You realize students are marking up the text, but not reading.


The enthusiasm and energy you held after the staff development has now transformed to disappointment and discouragement.

Bell rings, halls flood with students hurried to catch the bus, hustle to practice, or steal a romeo-and-juliet-kissgoodnight kiss, as Romeo dashes to pick up his younger sibling and Juliet races off to work.

It’s been a long day. You’re tired, defeated, and you cannot even tolerate the thought of coming back to school in the morning.

You check twitter for a momentary escape. The title of an article shows up on your feed. It connects to the topic you have been preparing to introduce to students in the coming days.

Click. Link opens, you read the article, and your creativity begins oozing, then flowing, then spilling out all over your notebook.

You have landed upon the perfect article you’re sure will lead students to building deeper background knowledge; this article is better and more relevant than any other one you’ve used. Article printed. Copies are made.

Before you leave school for the evening, you write your learning targets on the whiteboard for tomorrow’s lesson. You’re stress free as you scoot home.

Your students enter the classroom the next morning, you greet them, just inside the door, with a welcoming smile and proudly provide a personal copy of the article they will be using during the next 48 minutes. The bell rings,confidently, you walk to the front of the room.

“Good morning guys,” your smile brightens your eyes. Your students are engaged.


You’re engaged. You’re excited. Your students sense you’re about to have a drop-the-mic moment.

Under your doc cam, you begin close reading the article, modeling your expectations. You circle a word you are unfamiliar with. You draw a line from that word to the margin where you write, “hmm…I wonder what this word means?”

You continue reading aloud, thinking aloud, modeling how you interact with this text. You underline a phrase and add this comment in the margin, “This is interesting and I really want to know more about how foods affect moods.”

You read one more paragraph, circle the entire paragraph and you make a connection in the margin, “I like eating chocolate like this person does. I enjoy it so much I might be able to eat it all day. I’m sorry this person gets so ill from eating chocolate. That makes me sad.”

“By close reading”, the twinkle in your voice would make stars dance, “I have made observations.”stars

Students are hanging on each word with their eyes still on the screen, “I have made notes, ANN….OH….TATED, to recall my thinking at the time of my observation.”

The students independently read the rest of the article, making and noting OBSERVATIONS. After reading, students share their observations with each other while identifying PATTERNS.

Gliding about the room as you help students determine patterns, you challenge them,  “What do your observations have in common? What can be inferred about the content of the article through your observations? What is a concept or idea that repeats in the observations?”

The engagement, the discussion, the learning. This is what you always new teaching could be. You pause, look slightly off to the left, toward the ceiling tiles. The vision is you in one of those sentimental movies where the low camera angle captures the satisfaction and relief in the face and shoulders of the protagonist. In the backdrop, the fluffy, marshmallow clouds drift through the ocean blue sky, and angelic voices in the key of G melodically fill the air.  


The boy with the runny nose and kleenex on his desk suddenly sneezes, snapping you away from your triumph. Back to reality.

Students are now asked to go deeper.

“Based on the pattern you noticed, what CONCLUSION can you make about the content of the article?”

Rapid discussion ensues.

“What word or phrase from the article would you use to support your conclusion?”

Back into the text, students are discussing conclusions about the article and evidence to support those conclusions.

The end of class is near. Bell is about to ring.

“For today’s exit ticket, I would like each of you to draw a CONCLUSION about the content of the article based on your observations and patterns. On an index card, write your conclusion about the content of the article and use one piece of clear evidence from the article to support your conclusion.”

As your students leave the classroom, you meet them, just outside the door, with a have-a-great-rest-of-your-day smile and proudly accept each student’s personal exit ticket. The bell rings, confidently, you stroll back in your room.

Great job this hour Teach.

Your smile brightens your eyes. Your students were engaged.


You were engaged. You were excited. Going beyond close reading helped your students learn.

Drop the mic.mic-drop


Bell rings, 2nd hour.  Eager faces, 24 more students await for another great opportunity to become a better, deeper reader.

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Scout Led Me to Love Reading

On the first day of school in my 14th year as a high school English Language Arts teacher, I was sharing my passion for reading with a group of seniors who had signed up for my book stackCollege Prep Reading class. I was confessing that reading did not come easy to me as a child. I could read words at a spectacular rate, but upon finishing the read, I had struggled with comprehension.

I recalled a moment in fourth grade when my dad sat on the living room floor next to me, our backs resting against the couch.  I was reading the words on the page of the school book I was assigned earlier in the day. When I read the last word on the last page, my dad began asking me questions about the book. I could not recall what I read.

I was silent. I was embarrassed. I was ashamed.

Not because of my dad, but because of my confusion and the startling reality that I had a problem, that I was different from my classmates.

Our session ended soon after with my dad commenting, “Boy, you really do a good job reading. It’s just that you have trouble remembering what you read.” I nodded.

I continued sharing my passion for reading with my seniors and how it has been a crescendo ever since that moment.  Even though my dad identified a gap in reading and comprehension, I don’t remember ever learning how to bridge the gap…from anyone. I carried that excuse around with me until I was a senior in high school.

It was then, in Mr. O’Rourke’s American Literature class, when I was introduced to Jem, Scout, and Dill. To Kill a Mockingbird was the first novel I read from the very beginning totkam the very end. I was delighted by each and every character in the story. Somehow, I knew I would fit right into that small town of Maycomb, meandering freely through long, hot summers, running barefoot, climbing trees, looking for treasures, and, of course, desperately hoping to get a glimpse of Boo through the windows of the old Radley house on the corner. I fell in love with Scout’s narrative and couldn’t resist her as she led me by the hand through her summers of adventure.

As I was ending my story and getting ready to present the syllabus for the semester, Rachel, an engaged, intelligent, goal-driven student, commented, “I have never read a book cover-to-cover.”


My life as a professional educator turned on those nine words and has not been the same since.

I made it my personal mission to keep putting books into Rachel’s hands until we found one that she could not put down. I built a classroom library targeted at all high school students; I even went so far as to have a bookshelf built by students mounted on the wall outside my classroom door, my effort at a Little Library in the back hallway.

I became eager to find answers to how and why students lose their love for reading. Children who are exposed to books love them. What happens to the appeal? I wanted to learn more and, soon thereafter, I began pursuing a reading teacher certification along with a reading specialist certification. My passion for reading continues today.

Most recently I have been hired as a Literacy Coach.

kids-who-read-succeedI have been given a tremendous opportunity to pursue my passion for helping students become better readers and writers and fully enjoy all the benefits of being successful in these areas. I am hopeful that all students can claim there was one book they couldn’t resist finishing.

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Education: Time is Abundant

The stack of papers on the corner of your desk is getting higher. You contemplate having a ‘work day’, not for students, but for you to put a dent into those essays your 4th hour class wrote last week Monday.

The Scholarship Committee is meeting after school and you still haven’t looked over the applications. You tell yourself, I will do this over lunch, your duty-free lunch.

Your mom texts you during 5th hour claiming your 18 month old is refusing to take a nap. Really? You consider not responding, when your phone buzzes again, “u need 2 talk 2 her…miss u”.

By 7th period you are exhausted and overwhelmed. The stack is too high, the applications too detailed, and your gut is aching with guilt over your mother and child.

You are convinced there is not enough time.time1

Your principal shows up at the beginning of 8th hour and informs you, “I am hiring a sub for you and a colleague.  Tomorrow, you have the entire day to get yourself caught up.”

Whoa. Wait. What?

Honestly…would you even know where to start or what to do…Honestly?

Beyond the students in our classrooms, the greatest resource professional educators have is time.  Time is a generous gift. Time is free, predictable, and opportunistic. Time is always nearby, faithful, and ageless. Time is Abundant.

Yes, time is Abundant.

Let me provide an analogy.  If I was placed in an ocean, floating upon the surface in a lifeboat, no land in sight, I could say with confidence the water is free, opportunistic, nearby, ageless, loyal, and Abundant. Is the concept of time that much different than the vision of an expanse of ocean?  In fact, time is much more reliable than an ocean because time is predictable, faithful, and limitless.

Yet, as professional educators, we often claim the greatest hindrance to our practice is lack of time. I could list all of the those inconveniences seemingly leaking our time, preventing us from becoming the best version of ourselves. But, therein lies the problem with time. If we choose to focus on the many disruptions that plague our moment in time, we become paralyzed with the overwhelming notion there will never be enough time.

As professional educators, we must resist becoming paralyzed by a perceived lack of time. Perhaps we need to do a better job of being present or prioritizing or preparing to maximize this great resource. Perhaps it’s a matter of adjusting our mindset to one of growth; view time as an opportunity rather than a restriction.

Time is a bountiful resource that unlocks our freedom and creativity as professional educators so we might best serve our students and guide them to becoming the best version of themselves.wide-open-ocean

Climb aboard the lifeboat, stop treading water amidst the winds and the waves.  Cut loose the anchor of time and drift with me where time is Abundant, empowering us to thrive as professional educators for the success of all students.

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